How to Buy a Certified Diamond
Choose a reputable certification institute. The most used independent laboratory in the United States is the Gemological Institute of America. The GIA invented the four C’s, which is now the most widely used diamond-rating scale. The American Gem Society (AGS) is also a reputable institute and uses the guidelines set by the GIA. If you are making an expensive diamond investment or if you want to be sure that the diamond you buy is authentic and valuable, you can arrange for an independent appraiser to verify that the diamond matches the certificate. When choosing a diamond appraiser or institute, conduct a bit of research to be sure that the organization isn’t closely tied to any vendors.
Learn the certification process. Diamonds are rated on four criteria: clarity, carat weight, color, and cut. These four categories are commonly referred to as “the four C’s.” You can learn more about the 4 C’s in our diamond engagement ring buying guide.
The Basics of the 4 C’s:
Clarity refers to the lack of flaws found within the diamond; a flawless diamond is the most desirable. Carat weight refers to the weight of the diamond, but this measurement may not reflect the diamond’s size due to variations in cut, shape, and setting. Color ratings are based on the lack of color within the gem; a clear diamond is the most valuable unless you are shopping for colored “fancy diamonds” in which case, color intensity raises the cost and value of the stone. Cut refers to both the shape of the diamond and the quality of the cut; a well-cut diamond has a symmetrical shape and facets that reflect a lot of light.
Rank the four C’s in order of importance to you. If you have an unlimited budget, you can have large, colorless, and flawless diamond jewelry. If you are looking for the best diamond jewelry on a budget, however, it is important to decide which of the four C’s is the most essential to you. Large diamonds with a few imperceptible flaws make a grand statement, while small yet flawless diamonds will sparkle and shine in any simple setting. When you know what you are looking for, it is much simpler to shop for certified diamonds.